Tuesday, January 24, 2006

In Defense Of The US Armed Services

It is with pained effort and sadness that I write the following entry:

Mrs. Gail Ilagan (gail@mindanews.com) of MindaNews, under her column Wayward and Fanciful wrote two articles dated November 7th and November 17th, 2005, dealing mainly with the ongoing rape case lodged against several US Marines under Philippine jurisdiction. The columns are still available here:


And I had only learned about these writings after reading several blogs on the subject.

But first a little introduction.

Mrs. Ilagan describes herself as a teacher of Social Justice, Family Sociology, Theories of Socialization and Psychology at the Ateneo de Davao University where she is also the associate editor of Tambara. Her column is a regular feature of MindaNews under the Section MindaViews.

Based on my personal assessment culled from her past columns, Mrs. Ilagan exhibits great facility and eloquence with the English language and possesses a confident acuity in the subjects that she writes about. And I admit to having been a regular reader of hers in the past, until I realized that her anti-American biases at times made her depart from her usual disinterested and impartial writing demeanor. That’s when I stopped reading her.

I was actually in the Philippines, in Northern Mindanao, when these articles were written, not far from where Mrs. Ilagan teaches and I suppose also lives. Aside from this, we also share other common experiences. I was educated in Xavier University, also known as Ateneo de Cagayan, and was a college instructor there for a few years, before moving on to other endeavors and finally leaving the country for the United States. So we both can point to being connected with renowned Jesuit institutions.

But it would seem from my own personal assessment again that this is where our similarities part ways, very divergently. All my three sons joined the US Marines Reserve, pretty much soon after they graduated high school. The eldest was activated during the First Gulf War and another one was activated for six months last year and served in Kuwait during the current war. With God’s blessings, all three are now back in civilian life, are all in law enforcement, and with families of their own. My only son-in-law is an Army veteran having served for 20 years and is now working for a civilian company.

It is not difficult to understand then why I find many statements of Mrs. Ilagan in those two articles quoted above, but more so on the latter one, quite uncomfortably disheartening and very disconcerting. Made worse by the knowledge that she is a professor of subjects that from their titles alone would readily suggest even to the uninitiated that they deal with delicate but critical human issues both individually and collectively in society. And in a university noted not only for molding “men and women for others”, but also quite distinguished in molding students to think critically and to practice fair play.

I do sense a deep personal anger and outrage in her two columns, for no question about it, rape is a very grave offense in any situation and for whatever reasons. And I understand this, but that notwithstanding, shouldn’t we as Christians be bound by a deeper sense of restraint and circumspection, especially in condemning others?

And yet Mrs. Ilagan was quick enough to rebut a dissenting commenter, saying that indeed she has “prejudged” the case that she was writing about. I suppose based on newspaper accounts that she herself dismisses lightly and from personal negative anecdotal experiences that she wrote about. But it definitely does not speak well for practicing fair play. Granted that she is writing an opinion column, still shouldn’t one exercise proper restraint and circumspection in matters like this, giving weight to one’s implicit responsibilities to the reading public?

And in my judgment, Mrs. Ilagan is also remiss for outrightly making several uncorroborated generalizations, which a little amateurish research could have exposed them to be at the very least disingenuous.

And for this I shall be more specific and quote verbatim passages from those articles. Mrs. Ilagan directed the following statements to a US retiree mentioned in a newspaper account:

I bet this guy doesn't have the money to live in continental USA. He stays here in almost-America where he can get more for his money and carry on with the chauvinist pig part. He probably visits with force and no agreement, too.

Apart from that terse mention of him in the news, I presume Mrs. Ilagan does not know him from Adam but yet felt justified enough to make such derogatory presumptive statements. That guy’s comment was reprehensible, and so were Mrs. Ilagan’s.

And the following are how Mrs. Ilagan described her experiences with servicemen in old Subic Base, in the company of her brother, who is/was also ironically in the US military. By the way, I suppose Mrs. Ilagan realizes that the Marine Corps is just a distinct but separate part of the US Navy. Thus, Subic was not all Marines. But anyway, I apologize for the agony and misery that Mrs. Ilagan has had to undergo interacting with those inadequately-schooled servicemen. But still I can’t find any meaningful justification to generalize that these guys, implied to mean the entire US military in old Subic, only had one sinister thought taught them about island girls.

Away from each other, they'd send me short letters in chicken scrawl with lots of bad spelling and punctuation.

…these guys were taught that little brown island girls mostly dream of getting stateside and would do anything for a shot at the American dream.

In this macho culture, d**khead was a badge of honor that they all tried to live up to. They only allowed each other one thing on their minds every time they left the boat. Rare was the baby boy who wanted to rap about Charles Dickens or American geopolitics with Teach. Rambo was the only work of a literature professor that we ever discussed. I read the book. They watched Sylvester Stallone and Richard Crenna.

Then, Mrs. Ilagan makes bold generalizations about the recruitment process of the US Military, and its composition:

I did a lot of interviews back then, and not much has changed in the recruitment procedures of the US military. It's still, by and large, a volunteer army where kids from depressed neighborhoods and high unemployment suburbs sign up to serve and protect mother, flag, and apple pie. For most of them, military service is the only way out of poverty and the lack of opportunities. It's the only way to get past chicken scrawl and bad grammar. Most of them do only one tour of duty until they qualify to avail of the GI Bill, so the US military organization has to take in new recruits in this age bracket for it to maintain a steady roster of soldiers.

I’m not sure where her facts came from. From her brother? Or from some distant past reference book? But I assure her that a little sleuthing, no special skills or access required, would have accorded her the opportunity to learn more, and in detail, about recruitment and the composition of the US Armed Services. And maybe then her generalizations would become more kind and circumspect.

Here are some pages to visit:

There should be sufficient data in that site alone to inform her that the US military, and its recruitment and composition, are very much equal opportunity – taking from the rich to the poor areas, from most parts of the continent, from whites to all kinds of minority with whites registering more for obviously they are still a majority of the population, etc. And yes, it is still “completely” voluntary armed services, not a trace of the draft among its members.

Military recruiters are having a hard time filling the required roster. More and more, the only takers come from the poorest of America's poor.

Again a little Googling on the net would have given her the latest figures on recruitment of the US Armed Services which would disprove her claim:


Mrs. Ilagan is free to psycho-analyze, for after all, she appears quite adept with the intricacies and special jargon associated with the study, but one still cannot deduce how the behavior of a few could be applied generally to a whole group, say of the Marine Corps of 175,000, or of the Navy of about 500,000, or of the whole US Armed Services of 1.4 million.

In my personal opinion, Mrs. Ilagan does a great disservice to her profession and to what should be considered civil demeanor for a teacher of young minds for making such reckless generalizations:

That unique sociodemographics likely goes with an early socialization experience that exposes the young to little or no adult guidance in an environment that hones raw survival skills in merciless competition over territory and hierarchy in prestige. Put the baby boy in uniform, whip him into shape the US Marines way, and immerse him in a culture where to be a d**khead is the only way to be, and you got a formula that spells disaster for clueless little girls wherever they may be.

Here’s hoping she restudies her statements and thinks otherwise.


I had also posted the above blog to my close email group, composed mostly of former residents of our old hometown in Northern Mindanao, hoping to solicit some feedbacks.

I quote one below coming from RoyS:

The anti-American sentiment in the country is I think exaggerated. It's always the small minority that gets the headlines and air time. Not to mention the newspaper columns. And judging from one what hears and reads, the GI's have already been demonized. They will have their day in court. But in the meantime, the judicial process as provided for in the VFA should be followed. This includes putting the accused under the US Government's custody and making them available during the trial. Until the VFA agreement is amended, the process defined in it should be observed. Ironically, there is a lot of noise from the Opposition when in fact the VFA was entered into by the Philippine Government when Erap was President.

On second thought, the accused should be turned over to the Philippine Government and kept in a Philippine jail. Then they can simply walk away as the recent "escapes" from civilian and military jails here would prove

My rejoinder to the few who responded:

True, anti-American bias has always been a part of the political and social landscape there, and is usually magnified by a vocal minority. And I and most of us, I believe, are not hyper-sensitive about it. It is even healthy to publicly air all sides to an issue.

But when rhetoric becomes so bad, then I believe it becomes incumbent for some of us to point it out and to make the writer to account for such irresponsible writing.

I followed this columnist's writings in the past and initially thought it good to have another good writer from Mindanao get some exposure and readership. But this and past polemics about her anti-American biases are in my opinion just over the top. And her teaching at an Ateneo makes it more reprehensible given what we know about the origins and purposes of Jesuit institutions in our country.

To me, this is yet another example, where knowledge, whether little or sufficient, can sometimes ease out our sense of humility, making us overly eager to impress the world with how intelligent we are, unmindful of the consequences.

In that same on-line paper, MindaNews, there is another columnist (Patricio Diaz) who spent some time at our own Xavier University for his Master's degree. And to me, he has always been an exemplar of what responsible journalism ought to be. Or for that matter, what a responsible Christian ought to be.

Another member (NesE) who is a US veteran chimed in with the following post:

Couple of months ago when I read Gail Ilagan article I was already planning my rebuttal piece that I was going to email directly to her address. I am very familiar with Gail as she was an active member of at least 2 news groups that we both belong (Rizal and Alibata) I remember her strong and articulating argument on several issues. We of course disagree on the US Armed Forces as I am a veteran myself. She used visiting her brother (US serviceman) and meeting other American member of his unit. Like all overprotective brother of course she was warned about not getting into certain traps (for lack of better words). I am little bit disappointed that she took this as predatory action as I know her as strong willed lady.
From that experience she went on to read articles that were one sided against the men in uniform. The most glaring misstatement that US servicemen are coming from the bottom of the barrel of the US population are no longer true. Today US armed forces are all volunteers and mostly coming out of the middle class. In time of war as we are now engaged I myself is surprised that we still have enough volunteer to carry the dirty work. It is a polyglot force (fil-am on the forefront) that has surpassed all the expectation. Certainly the morale is high as the greatest generation (Tom Brokaw). What I saw in my Vietnam experience I can say that we came a long way. The US current forces realized that they are in harms way and constantly ambushed. They are taking pot shot from all direction and certainly would not break with another cheap shot like the media has tried.

I can’t more convincing than what you have written. I was developing it on the same line. I never finished the email to Gail Ilagan as I intended. Please do it for me and the visayan yahoo group.

Interestingly, A US Air Force veteran, who is a doctor, has the following to add:

The one sure thing that happens if there exists an overwhelming repudiation of an entity is a backlash of an over-kill. The table is now turned around, the repudiated is now the underdog, can't hardly breathe nor at best open her mouth because of a barrage of well armed, high tech, and incredibly knowledgeable credible people, unrepresented, unarmed, and therefore needs a defense.

A defense like no other.

A group of jolly Japanese (Korean) soldiers of the Imperial Army tossed an infant to the air high enough and lovingly catching it with the point of their bayonets. Indefensible. And I carry that with me even to mildly chastising one of my daughters to tell her boyfriend that "his people killed" her grandpa. My father's father and her mother's father. By a seemingly unbeatable force the Japanese military was, no different from the undeniably greatest force on earth at Clark Air Base and at Subic Bay, whose soldiers raped a defenseless woman. It carries with it a very heavy burden to me, to you, and to Ms Gail Ilagan.

Always, and from it emanates what Ms Ilagan's realm of understanding exudes, undoubtedly nationalistic and limited of exposure from the western environment and an almost non-existent knowledge of military life, what she understands in general and whatever available knowledge she has. This is the basis of her contentions or views, and of course, her convictions. This is defensible.

Her conviction and the courage to take it on your face, another perspective of the same.

In her understanding, a woman was raped by an overpowering raw force of not so well educated young bully with obviously no regard to her pains. If you're a woman I say lady, go ahead and say anything and just about anything you want to say to this creep. Say it loud. Say it on top of your voice, so you at least ease somewhat the agony of the woman spirit of women all over the world who are victims of the atrocious despicable act.

Ms Ilagan a woman and a respectable woman, did just that, based on her understanding and realm of knowledge. That’s defensible.

Rightfully so, Ms Ilagan has now a day in court of public opinion and a new day of public awareness of this heinous act and exposing the derailed priorities of so many, of defending the wrong people and not the victims.

If at all, Ms Ilagan needs exposure to military life and procedures, exposure to other environments like the western way, and to the rule of law and due process.

But for heaven's sake, not repudiation of a woman, her courage, and her conviction.

And I followed it with this post:

Your points are all well taken, though I am not necessarily agreeing with them.

Mrs. Ilagan in my opinion does not need more representation. She has the bully pulpit because she has the entire readership of MindaNews to espouse her causes. And some of her columns are linked to or quoted by a number of bloggers. One that I can remember now, by a very popular Filipino blogger(MLQ3)who is read by many of our compatriots on-line.

For her part, Mrs. Ilagan is a well-schooled, scholarly and highly intelligent professor teaching at Ateneo de Davao University. In a real way, she represents the Filipina of today, capable and independent of thought

If anything therefore, in my opinion, it is my positions that are under-represented and need the light of day.


  1. Amadeo, thanks for sticking up for us in this posting, and thanks for commenting in my last one.

    This Ms Ilangan is a victim same as me, same as a lot of folks are. We are all victims, if we let ourselves be, of our past experiences. She's right in many ways about the attitudes and actions of the troops stationed at Subic and Clark. I was there and I saw some terrible things from my fellow servicemen. The way those "boys" acted was NOT typical of how they acted back home. Coming here back then made a lot of us absolutely nuts. For a few dollars a sex-starved sailor, marine, or airman could have any kind of sex he could think of, and it was a corrupting thing.

    But, that was then. In fact, recently the UCMJ has been changed to make it an offense to avail the services of a prostitute. If that would have been in place prior to '91, virtually every man stationed here would have been at risk legally. But now, for her to make judgements on those young marines held at the embassy is a mistake. She, and everyone else, need to with hold judgement and tone down the hyperbole until it's sorted out by the law.

    Getting back to Ilangan's statement that we were "taught" that the dream of the island girls was to get to the states, now that IS true. And from my 23 years of experience of living here and associating with those wonderful girls, it STILL IS true, and why wouldn't it be? For many people living here, marrying a foreigner, especially an American, is like hitting the Lotto. For one to deny that means to deny the reality of this place.

    Back then, we were taught that generalism for a reason: to make sure that the girl of your dreams actually loves you before you marry her and take her home. It's still good advice and I'll give you a recent example:

    One of my fellow vets, a 52 year old retired officer, fell head over heels for a local girl in her 20's and he married her. Hmmm. Whenever I saw them together I was impressed with how much she seemed to care for him. They were SO sweet together. He had no doubts at all about her. He took her back home to Louisiana and within 3 months she stopped being affectionate. Within 6 months she moved out and moved in with a younger man. He is devastated, angry, and suicidal. I shrug my shoulders and told him, "Hey! She's only human. What did you expect? Come on back, fall in love again, and this time, don't take her home!" He's too bitter and upset to think about coming back.

    And Ms. Ilangan is probably right about bad grammar and poor punctuation, and that's supposed to prove what? That we recruit from the dregs of society? (oops fragment...poetic license!) She's trying to substantiate bad behavior, stating that it must be because we mostly come from poor and uneducated backgrounds. As a recent military retiree, and as a guy who was here in the old days, I say that the bad behavior was more an example of poor leadership. If those young Americans were decadent, it wasn't because of their "class" or background, it was because the officers and NCOs in charge were NOT doing their job. It's why I got paid the "big bucks" after I became a sergeant. For instance, after I became an NCO, I couldn't get involved in fights anymore EXCEPT in stopping them and breaking them up.

    Good post Amadeo. I have a lot of respect for you and your sons. You must have done something right that all of them have chosen to serve our society instead of simply taking from it. Good job man!

  2. Hi, Phil,

    Thanks for dropping by and lending some words of wisdom on the issues presented.

    First, I have no doubts that countless less than exemplary things happened between the two peoples, from the time the first American set foot on the islands until the last base was closed. And particularly in the areas where the bases were located, like Subic, Clark, and even in such faraway places as in Northern Mindanao where a “weather station” was maintained by the US forces, many unsavory incidents got publicly magnified to put the entire US presence in a very bad light, or as we say, that gave it a black eye.

    Still we do not generalize. It happens in the best of peoples, in the best of cultures, with the most educated societies.

    I would even suggest that in the case of the bars and houses of prostitution around those places because of the rather symbiotic relationships that helped make them thrive, both sides can be handed parts of the blame.

    Let us not allow strong negative personal experiences color and warp the prism we use to view the entire world of creation, especially mankind, that we swear by faith was created by a loving, most merciful, and civil Being.

    Lastly, let us be made aware that to have personal discriminating preferences is not really that unnatural to man, but to depict ourselves as more intellectually superior and thus better than others is an entirely different thing.

  3. great post Amadeo! I've really got to start reading a lot more of the Ignatian Perspective.

    Say, regarding the discussion on Fil-Ams back at PC, have you ever done a survey of the FilAm Blogosphere? I still have lots of friends in the US but have lost touch with some of the writers who probably have blogs by now.

    More power Amadeo. I'm proud to link to your site!

  4. Thanks, Dean.

    Unfortunately, I do not have contacts with the FilAm bloggers here, though the various email groups continue to be participated by scores of FilAms.

    As a personal observation though, I have noticed that the younger first generation Filipino immigrants who do blog align themselves more with those in the old homeland, and continue to pine for the old country. Thus, they tend to congregate around the Pinoyblog site and other similar venues.

    On the other hand, I do not run across in my periodic incursions into the world of blogs many older first generation FilAms who are into blogs. I suspect they are still stuck with the email list/group fora.

    Now, with regard to the young second generation FilAms, now that is almost like a complete unknown to me. Though a Michelle Malkin definitely would be part of that.

    Now, very political DailyKos is quite an anachronism because Markos is a legitimate first-generation immigrant from El Salvador, even spending a part of his youth in his old homeland.

    Of course, in all this I may be limiting my observations to those who have politics and public social issues as their focus.


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